Love is in the water, and the lamprey swears she’s found her match. She swims the corner ready to score. That’s when they spring the trap.
Scientists out of Michigan State University are using chemical trickery to seduce and capture female sea lampreys, a devastatingly invasive species found in the Great Lakes. A single lamprey can eat up to 40 pounds of fish, and they’re to blame for the extinction of at least three whitefish species. The voracious predators have proven difficult and expensive to control, costing the U.S. and Canadian governments $10 to $15 million a year.
But males it turns out, release an irresistible chemical into the water attracting females from more than a hundred meters away, and this mojo might just be the key to the lamprey’s undoing. Weiming Li, a professor of fisheries and wildlife at MSU, and his team spent years isolating and synthesizing a fake version of sea lamprey love potion. Now they’ve landed on a treatment that is as effective as the lamprey’s own and when used in small doses could effectively treat sea lamprey infested waters.
“The commission considers regulating spawning and migrating behavior with pheromones the most promising control method for implementation,” Li said in a press release. “So we’re excited about the possibilities.”
You can learn more about this promising new treatment method in the latest version of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
For a month after birth, Southern right whale mothers and their calves rest and nurse. Then, like the pair shown here off Argentina, they start to swim faster and farther as they prepare for a long migration in the South Atlantic to reach their feeding areas. A University of Utah study found mother whales teach their calves where to eat, raising concern about whether the whales can adapt as global warming disrupts feeding grounds. (Photo/John Atkinson, Ocean Alliance)
Mom right whales know best when it comes to mealtime it seems. They lead calves to grub at traditional feeding grounds teaching their offspring generations of knowledge about when and where to find food. In fact whole clans of whales will dine together in the cetacean version of a family-owned dining spot. But this is one family tradition that could lead to starvation for an already vulnerable whale species if climate change causes shifts in food distribution.
Previous research by Vicky Rowntree, research associate professor of biology and a coauthor of the new study at the University of Utah, has already shown the impacts of climate change on right whale populations. When sea temperatures rise, krill disappear and right whales respond by giving birth to fewer offspring. Now these new studies into whale behavior could highlight another problem for the whales when it comes to food.
“A primary concern is, what are whales going to do with global warming, which may change the location and abundance of their prey?” asked Rowntree in a press release. “Can they adapt if they learn from their mother where to feed – or will they die?”
Rowntree and her colleagues collected skin samples from right whales and, using a novel technique in science, combined DNA and isotope analysis to determine whale lineages and where they tend to chow down. They found that related whales congregated in designated areas to feed, and that mothers teach calves in their first year of life where to find food.
Here’s to hoping that right whales will be quick to adapt if the buffet moves elsewhere.